Nursing code of ethics is part of the health ethics. The essence of the matter, namely applying ethical values of the field or the maintenance of public health services.
Kozier found nursing code of ethics is:
Code of ethics to be a tool to develop and improve standards of professional practice and maintain these standards.
Code of Conduct is an official pedomen for professional action. That is, followed by those in the profession and should be accepted as a professional member of tilapia for personal.
Code of Conduct provides a frame of mind to members of the profession to make decisions in nursing situations.
Will demonstrate professional ethics standards for nursing activities, these standards will protect nurses and patients.
1.2 kontens NURSING CODE
Indonesian nursing code of ethics has been prepared by the Central Board Indonesian National Nurses Association, through PPNI National Conference in Jakarta on November 29, 1989. The code consists of sentence chapters and 16 chapters, of which:
describes the responsibilities of nurses on individuals, families and communities consisting of 4 chapters.
The second chapter
explain tengtang responsibility of nurses to duties consisting of five chapters.
The third chapter
clarify responsibilities towards fellow nurses and other health professionals that consists of 2 chapters.
The fourth chapter
describes the responsibilities of nurses on the nursing profession that consists of four chapters.
The fifth chapter
explains the responsibilities of the nurse in the government, the nation, and soil water that consists of two chapters.
Nurses responsibilities, the Community, family and patient
Nurses in order pengabdianynya always be guided to his starting base responsibilities derived from the need for nurses to individuals, families and communities.
Nurse in performing his services in the field of nursing continues to maintain an atmosphere that respects the value-tilapia culture, customs, and religious survival of a people, families and communities.
Nurses to perform its obligations to a person, family and community is always based on the genuine flavor Ihlas in accordance with the tradition of the sublime dignity and care.
Nurses always establish a good working relationship with a person, the family and the community in taking the initiative and held a public welfare efforts as part of the duty, the obligation for the benefit masyrarakat.
Responsibility of nurses to duty
Nurses constantly care for high-quality service with professional honesty in applying the knowledge and skills of nurses in accordance with the needs of people seoaranng or patients, families and communities.
Nurses should keep in confidence all she knew who entrusted kepaanya respect.
Nurses will not use the knowledge and skills to care for purposes contrary to the norms of humanity.
Nurses in the discharge of its duties and obligations with full consciousness always try not to be influenced by considerations of nationality, ethnicity, skin color, age, gender, political affiliation flow and social standing.
Nurses continue to seek protection and safety of patients in performing nursing duties as well as carefully consider the ability to accept or mengalihtugaskan existing responsibility hubungannnya with care.
Responsibility of nurses to fellow nurses and other health professions
Nurses continue to maintain a good relationship between fellow nurses and other health workers, both in maintaining harmony in the workplace atmosphere and preformance achieve overall health care.
Nurses continue to disseminate the knowledge skills and experience to fellow nurses and accept the knowledge and experiences of other professional care field.
Responsibility of nurses to the nursing profession
Nurses are always trying to improve professional skills and individually or together with the increase knowledge, skills and experience that are beneficial to the development of treatments.
Nurses always support the good name of the nursing profession by showing the behavior and personal traits are sublime.
Nurses always play a role in determining the standardization of education and nursing services and apply in the development of service activities and educational care.
Nurses jointly develop and maintain quality care professional organizations as a means of devotion.
Nurses responsibility of the government, the nation and homeland
Nurses continue to implement the provisions of the policy outlined by the government in the field of health and care.
Nurses always played an active role in contributing to the government’s mind in improving health and care services to the community.
Function of nursing ethics
As a tool to measure moral behavior in nursing
Framework for nurses to take responsibility for the decision to the public, members of the healthcare team, and the other professions.
According Hypocrates view, the function code is:
Avoid the tension between human
Improve the status of personality
Sustain the growth and development of life.
Moving on from the Hypocrates view, a code of ethics is important in health care systems and services in the development of nursing practice.
1.3 PURPOSE CODE
The purpose of the nursing code of ethics is essentially an effort so that the nurses in carrying out its duties and functions can appreciate and respect human dignity. In general, the purpose of nursing ethics of creating and maintaining trust between nurses and lien, nurses and nurses also between nurses and the public.
While the purpose of nursing ethics by “National For Nursing (NLN)” (nursing staff education center owned American nurses association are as follows:
Increasing understanding of the relationship between students of other health professions and understand the message and the function of members of the healthcare team.
Menggembangkan potential decision making about the morality of the good and bad decisions are accountable to God in accordance with his beliefs.
Develop personal attitudes or personal and professional attitude.
Menggembangkan knowledge and skills that are essential for the basic professional nursing practice.
Provide opportunities for applying the principles of science and ethics in the practice of nursing and the real situation.
The purpose of ethics keperawata according to the Bureau of Ethics Commission on Teaching America are:
Recognize and define the moral elements in nursing practice
Forming strategies or ways and analyze moral problems that occur dlaam nursing practice.
Connecting principle-the principle of good moral or lesson to be accountable to yourself, family, community and God accord with his beliefs.
JAWAG RESPONSIBILITY AND NURSES Torts
1.1 BASIC CONCEPTS OF LIABILITY AND NURSES Torts
a. Sense of responsibility
Responsibility is the obligation of a person to do something that should be able to render an account.
While the responsibilities of a nurse is a nurse actions taken can be justified. Responsibility was direct or indirect. Responsibility is direct if the offender alone is responsible for his actions. Usually it will be so but sometimes people are not directly responsible.
While understanding the responsibilities of nurses by ANA:
Responsibility is: The application of legal provisions (execution) of the tasks related to the specific role of the nurse, in order to remain competent in the knowledge, attitude and work according to the code of ethics (ANA, 1985)
b. Various responsibilities of a nurse in general
Various responsibilities of a nurse in general
Respect the dignity of each patient and family.
Respect the right of patients to refuse treatment, procedure or certain medications and report such refusal to the doctors and the people associated
Respect the right of every patient and their families in terms of confidentiality of information.
Nurse obey the rules if delegated by physicians to answer patient questions and buckets of information that is usually given by a doctor.
Listen carefully and report patient secra important things to the right people have had.
Nurse responsibilities on individuals, families, and communities:
Nurse in performing his service is always guided by the responsibility that comes from the need for nursing individuals, families, and communities.
Nurse in performing his services in the field of nursing continues to respect cultural values, customs, and religious survival of individuals, families, and communities.
Nurses to perform its obligations for individuals, families, and communities always based with a sincere sense of dignity and in accordance with the noble traditions of nursing.
Nurses continue to establish partnerships with individuals, families, and communities in taking prakasa.
Responsibility of nurses to nursing duties
The things that are the responsibility of nurses in performing their duties, are as follows:
Nurses continue to maintain a high quality of nursing care, with professional honesty in applying the knowledge and skills of nursing, according to the needs of individuals, families and communities.
Nurses required to keep secret everything he knows except if required by the authorities in accordance with applicable law.
Nurses will not use the knowledge and skills of nursing as opposed to humanitarian norms.
Nurses in the discharge of its duties and obligations always strive with full awareness.
Nurses responsibility of the government, the nation, and homeland
Nurses continue to implement the provisions of the policy outlined by the government in the field of health and nursing.
Nurses continue to play an active role in contributing to improving health care.
Responsibility of nurses to nursing standards
Maintain and improve standards
Invite other members to use standard
Memasyarakan standards to public
Protecting the public
Protect the individual (nurse) from other professions
c. Types of nurses responsibility
Responsibility (Responsibility) nurses can be identified as follows:
Responsibility to God (the primary responsibility of the Lord)
Responsibility to Clients and Society (responsibility towards clients and the community)
Responsibility to Colleague and Supervisor (responsibility towards colleagues and superiors.
How to convey the client’s responsibility to:
Delivering the attention and respect to the client, the nurse was forced to delay the service of nurses willing to provide explanations with a friendly against his client. Show respect to clients, talking to clients that is oriented towards the client’s feelings
d. Understanding accountability nurses
Accountability is the answer to all things related to one’s actions. To be able to be held accountable nurses should act on the code of ethics profession.
Akontabiliti can be interpreted as a form of nurse participation in decision making and learning with decision-konsekunsinya consequences.
Nurses should have accountability means when he sued the parties expressed readiness and bold face. Especially with regard to the activities of his profession.
Nurses must be able to explain the activities or actions. This could be explained by asking the following three questions:
Ready to accountability were addressed
Anything from a nurse who imposed accountability?
By what criteria tangung sue nurse measured the pros and cons?
1. To whom it is addressed accountability
As Prawat health nurses have accountability to clients, while as a worker or nurse employees have the responsibility for the director, as professional nurses have the accountability to professional associations and as a member of the health team nurses have accountability to the team leader is usually a doctor, for example nurses provide injection to the client. Injection is determined based on advice and collaboration with physicians, nurses make a list of cost actions and treatment provided to be paid to the hospital. In such instances the nurse has accountability to clients, doctors, hospitals and profession.
2. Anything from a nurse who imposed accountability?
Nurses have the accountability of the whole activity of professional accomplishments ranging from replacing laken, drug delivery to home preparation. It can be observed or measured performance.
3. By what criteria tangung sue nurse measured the pros and cons?
Bonding nurses, nurse or PPNI or Association Hospital Association has developed standards that have krirteria-specific criteria by comparing what is done with the standard nurse’s tercantum.baik in input, process or output. For example, if nurses wash their hands according to the standard through 7 stages. Wash nails, palms, back of hands, with soap in running water for 3 times and so on.
Accountability aims to:
Evaluating new professional practitioners and practitioners-prakstisi reviewing existing ones.
Maintain standards of health care
Provide reflection facilities professional, ethical thinking and personal growth as part of the health care profeional
Provide a basis for making ethical decisions.