NursingDefinitionNational Nursing Workshop (1983) states that nursing is



National Nursing Workshop (1983) states that nursing is a form of professional services, which is an integral part of health services based on nursing science and troubleshooting, the form includes biopsikososio-spiritual services targeted at individuals, families, groups and communities both healthy and pain in the human life cycle

Philosophy in nursing

Nursing services is an integral part of health care
Nursing holistic view of human
Humanistic nursing care given, respect and respect for human dignity, focus on the customer and uphold justice for every human
Service client view as an active partner

Nursing services directed to:

Maintain health
Improve health
Helping clients to solve exactly the problems they face.
Nursing service objectives are to:

»Achieving independence clients in improving the health status of optimally with illness prevention and health improvement.

Nursing services provided to patients / clients:

Physical and mental weakness,
That the lack of knowledge
Lack of ability
Lack of willingness in carrying out activities independently.
Nursing services are also directed to the provision of primary health services in an effort to mend the health care system that allows anyone to reach a healthy and productive life

Studying nursing because the shape and the fulfillment of basic human needs are not as well studied various efforts to achieve these basic needs.

Nursing care based on the:

Nursing ethics
Nursing standards
Nursing process
Focusing on client
Within the scope of authority and responsibility of nursing
Managed professionally

Is being bio-psycho-socio-spiritual in the sense of the unique and intact is an integral piece of the physical and spiritual aspects and unique because it has a wide range of needs in accordance with the level of development. (Consortium for Health Sciences, 1992).
Basic needs such as biology, psychology, social, cultural and spiritual. Basic human needs described in Maslow’s hierarchy
Have a life cycle
Humans have the capacity to think, learn, reason, communicate and develop their culture and values
Humans contribute positively to environmental change through adaptation and increase the potential for
Humans as targets nursing services, potentially actively involved in meeting basic needs.
Humans are clients as individuals, families and communities

Individual as a client

Individual is a unique member of the family as a whole unit of aspects of biology, psychology, social and spiritual

Induvidu based on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs:






The basic needs will be discussed in more detail later in the course KDM

Family as client

Family is a group of closely related individuals continuously and interaction with each other either individually or together, in their own environment or society as a whole.

Family as a focus in nursing services

The family is the primary unit of society and is the institutions that affect people’s lives
Family is a group that can cause, prevent, fix, ignore the problems in their own group
Health problems in the family vary greatly
In patient care as individuals, families still play a role in decision-making in patient care
The family is an effective intermediary in conducting health efforts
In providing nursing services to the family, to consider the nature of the family:

Families have a unique way, a unique reaction in the face of problems
Family as a unit whose function greatly influenced the times and places
Families have developmental cycle
Community as client

Public institutions yangterbentuk is due to the interaction between the human and cultural environment, the dynamic nature of individuals, families and communities.


Environment is a factor that can affect human health, the environment includes the internal and external environment.

Internal environment is the environment that comes daro in the man himself, including genetic factors, biological mutation, gender, psychological, factors predisposing to disease, behavioral factors.

External environment is the environment around humans which includes physical and biological environment, social environment, cultural and spiritual.

To understand the environment, can be used by the triangular model leavel, 1965.




Agent is a factor that can lead to disease, such as biology, mechanical and chemical

Hospes is a living creature that can be infected by the disease

Environment is a factor that affects the health of humans and agents.

Healthy and sick

Healthy is the prosperous state of physical, mental and social is not just absence of disease or infirmity (WHO).

Healthy is a state of well being of body, soul and social life which allow people socially and economically productive (Act no.23/92).

Healthy concept (Travis and Ryan, 1998)

Healthy is a choice, a choice in determining health
A healthy lifestyle, lifestyle design towards achieving the highest potential for healthy
Healthy is a process, developmental level of consciousness that never broke, health and happiness may occur at any moment, “here and now.”
Healthy efficient in processing energy, energy derived from the environment, is transferred through humans, and channeled to affect the surrounding environment.
Healthy integration of body, mind and spirit, an appreciation that humans do, think, feel and believe will affect health status.
Healthy is the acceptance of self.
Factors that contribute to health

Good self-care
Prevention of illness / injury
Potential uses of intellectual
Stress management and emotional well express
Good interpersonal relationships
Concerned about the environment and surrounding conditions
Dimensions of Health


A state of disruption of the normal functioning of the body, both physiological function and social function.

Normal deviation category:

Organic disease and functional
Hereditary disease
Congenital Diseases
Infectious diseases
deficiency disease
Metabolic diseases
Occupational disease
Healthy Indonesia 2010??

Moving health oriented development
Maintain and enhance the activities of individuals, families, and community and environmental
Maintain and improve health care quality, equitable and affordable
encourage community self-reliance for sehay
Health promotion:

Motivating people to avoid impairment / health
Primary level: health promotion and specific protection against disease
Secondary: early detection, intervention for those who get sick, including preventing complications and disability
Tertiary: focus on rehabilitation and return to optimum levels


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